The third and greatest of the Divine virtues enumerated by St.
Paul ( 1 Corinthians ), usually called charity, defined: a divinely infused habit, inclining the human will to cherish God for his own sake above all things, and man for the sake of God.
Their true significance is that, both in our mental appreciation and in our voluntary resolve, God should stand above all the rest, not excepting father or mother, son or daughter ( Matthew ). By stating that "charity never falleth away" (1 Cor xiii, 8), St Paul clearly intimates that there is no difference of kind, but only of degree, between charity here below and glory above; as a consequence Divine love becomes the necessary inception of that God-like life which reaches its fullness in heaven only.
The necessity of habitual charity is inferred from its close communion with sanctifying grace.
The violation of the precept is generally negative, i.e., by omission or indirect, i.e., implied in every grievous fault; there are, however, sins directly opposed to the love of God : spiritual sloth, at least when it entails a voluntary loathing of spiritual goods, and the hatred of God, whether it be an abomination of God's restrictive and punitive laws or an aversion for His Sacred Person (see SLOTH; HATRED). 5) would assign a special meaning to each of the four Biblical phrases; others, with more reason, take the whole sentence in its cumulative sense, and see in it the purpose, not only of raising charity above the low Materialism of the Sadducees or the formal Ritualism of the Pharisees, but also of declaring that "to love God above all things is to insure the sanctity of our whole life" (Le Camus, "Vie de Notre-Seigneur Jesus-Christ", III, 81).
The qualifications, "with thy whole heart, and with thy whole soul, and with thy whole mind, and with thy whole strength", do not mean a maximum of intensity, for intensity of action never falls under a command; still less do they imply the necessity of feeling more sensible love for God than for creatures, for visible creatures, howsoever imperfect, appeal to our sensibility much more than the invisible God. The love of God is even more than a precept binding the human conscience ; it is also, as Le Camus observes, "the principle and goal of moral perfection." As the principle of moral perfection in the supernatural order , with faith as foundation and hope as incentive, the love of God ranks first among the means of salvation styled by theologians necessary, necessitate medii".
This definition sets off the main characteristics of charity: (1) Its origin , by Divine infusion.
The Labour leader called for "dialogue and a process" to improve the situation in the South American country which has descended into chaos in recent weeks.
The faithful carrying out of the "new commandment" is called the criterion of true Christian discipleship (John xiii, 34 sq.), the standard by which we shall be judged ( Matthew sqq.
), the best proof that we love God Himself ( 1 John ), and the fulfilment of the whole law ( Galatians ), because, viewing the neighbour in God and through God, it has the same value as the love of God.
He said it was important to recognise the "effective and serious attempts" to reduce poverty, improve literacy and the lives of the poorest in the state.
Mr Corbyn praised the "principle of a government committed to reducing inequality and improving the lot of the poorest people" but said Venezuela should have diversifed its economy "when the oil price was high." The Labour leader has previously been vociferous in his praise for Mr Maduro and his predecessor Hugo Chavez.